Orthodontic dentistry is used to treat and correct anomalies of facial growth and occlusion bite. People receive braces to improve their function bite and allows for better aesthetics as well as general dental health. 

Healthy teeth can be moved at almost any age. Many orthodontic problems can be corrected for adults as children. Orthodontic forces move the teeth in the same way for both a 75-year-old adult and a 12-year-old child. 

Types of Orthodontic Braces

Metal Braces

Metal braces is the conventional and the most commonly chosen orthodontic option. Successful orthodontic treatment requires a consistent, cooperative effort by both the orthodontist and patient. To successfully complete the treatment plan, the patient must carefully clean his or her teeth, wear rubber bands, headgear or other appliances as prescibed by the orthodontist, and keep appointments as scheduled.

Ceramic or Clear Braces

Ceramic or clear braces are tooth-colored or transluent making orthodontic treatment less visible. At BIDC, Clarity Braces is a popular choice of clear braces chosen by adults.

Clear braces is simliar to metal braces, the difference being the brackets on teeth are clear transparent or ceramic brackets. 

Lingual or Hidden Braces

Lingual braces are hidden braces placed behind teeth making the braces completely non-visible when you smile. Lingual orthodontics particularly well-suited for adults whose professions keep them in the public eyes.


Invisalign is a series of clear removable aligners from the USA using computer simulated treatment planning in straightening teeth. BIDC’s team of orthodontists are invisalign diamond providers.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners uses a series of clear removable aligners to straighten your teeth without fixed metal wires or brackets. This is an invisible way to straighten your teeth without braces.

Self-Ligating Braces or Speed Braces

Self Ligating Braces uses is a unique clip bracket system to move teeth with low or light forces. Damon Braces and Clarity SL Braces are well-known self-ligating braces.


After active orthodontic treatment is completed, most patients will need to wear a retainer for a thereafter or a period of time. An orthodontic retainer is a device that is used to keep teeth in their new positions after braces or clear aligner treatment.

Free Online Consultation

Orthodontic Treatment Conditions

Orthodontic treatment is used to treat different conditions:

  • Crowding
  • Overbite
  • Openbite
  • Increased Overjet
  • Underbite
  • Crossbite
  • Spacing


Teeth may be aligned poorly because the dental arch is small and/or the teeth are large. The bone and gums over the roots of extremely crowded teeth may become thin and recede as a result of severe crowding. Impacted teeth, poor biting relationships and undesirable appearance may all result from crowding.


If teeth are missing or small, or the dental arch is very wide, space between the teeth can occur. The most common complaint from those with excessive space is poor appearance.


The most common type of a crossbite is when the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth (toward the tongue). Crossbites of both back teeth and front teeth are commonly corrected early due to biting and chewing difficulties.


About 3 to 5 percent of the population has a lower jaw that is to some degree longer than the upper jaw known as an underbite or lower jaw protrusion. This can cause the lower front teeth to protrude ahead of the upper front teeth creating a crossbite. Careful monitoring of jaw growth and tooth development is indicated for these patients.


A deep overbite or deep bite occurs when the lower incisor (front) teeth bite too close or into the gum tissue behind the upper teeth. When the lower front teeth bite into the palate or gum tissue behind the upper front teeth, significant bone damage and discomfort can occur. A deep bite can also contribute to excessive wear of the incisor teeth.

Open Bite

An open bite results when the upper and lower incisor teeth do not touch when biting down. This open space between the upper and lower front teeth causes all the chewing pressure to be placed on the back teeth. This excessive biting pressure and rubbing together of the back teeth makes chewing less efficient and may contribute to significant tooth wear.